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Symptoms and treatments for thryoid disease

This article talks about the symtpoms and treatments for thryoid disease and how to determine if you have hypothyrodism or hyperthydrodism.

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The tiny butterfly gland that lies in the front of the neck just beneath the Adam’s apple can sometimes malfunction during middle age. The thyroid is controlled by the pituitary gland which is also known as the ‘leader’ of the endocrine system. This gland is located at the base of the neck. It monitors and controls action from the other glands.

Iodine is necessary for production of the thyroid hormone. For the gland to work properly, depends on iodine found in foods such as seafood, bread, and water.

If the thyroid becomes enlarged, this is known as a goiter. If a diet is low in iodine, the pituitary will send repeated messages to the thyroid. In effort to create more hormones, the goiter will become
Under active thyroid
When the thyroid produces below normal amounts of hormones, it results in under activity or hypothyroidism, which causes metabolism to slow down. A common cause of an under active thyroid is Hashimoto’s disease, which
is an immune disease that attacks the thyroid. symptoms might include:
  • Weight gain
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle aches
  • Abnormal menstrual cycles
  • Low libido
  • Dry skin
  • Hair loss
  • Constipation
  • Goiters
Over active thyroid
Excessive thyroid hormones can indicate over activity or hyperthyroidism, which causes the metabolism to speed up. A common cause is also known as Graves’s disease. This condition provokes the thyroid uncontrollably. Often
bulging eyes persist with Grave’s disease. symptoms include:
  • Weight loss
  • Nervousness and anxiety
  • Rapid pulse
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Intolerance to heat
  • Diarrhea
  • Bulging eyes
  • Goiters 
Diagnoses and treatment
An endocrinologist will be able to determine by a simple blood test if you have an under active or over active thyroid. Your physician will be able to decide by a thorough explanation of symptoms whether your
thyroid is hypo or hyper. Antibodies in the blood will verify Grave’s or Hashimoto’s disease. A form of hormone replacement called thyroxine will be given to control under activity. Over activity can be treated with anti-thyroid drugs or radioactive iodine. Anti- thyroid medication is used most often because it works much more quickly than radioactive iodine therapy. This drug is also used if you’re pregnant or nursing.
Additional problems include
  • Nodules, which are also known as lumps in the thyroid. A very small percent can become cancerous.
  • Thyroid cancer – Although highly uncommon, if detected in time, can be treated successfully.

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Health conditions
Hashimoto's, Grave's disease, thryoid, symptoms, treatments
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